Neglect of a child is when it isn’t properly taken care of, thus damaging its development. Neglect can begin immediately in the womb. It is generally not considered neglect when the child’s needs are not taken care of well enough on the odd occasion. Neglect is divided into four categories.
- A child doesn’t receive necessary health care service.
- A child doesn’t get appropriate food or clothing.
- A child’s hygiene is not sufficient.
- Housing isn’t liveable.
Neglect regarding supervision and looking after
- A child is left alone and unsupervised without being old or mature enough.
- A child is left with an unfit individual.
- A child is left with someone for an abnormal length of time.
- A child isn’t protected and even in danger due to a strange condition of a parent because of alcohol- or drug use. Neglect regarding studies.
Neglect regarding studies
- A child arrives repeatedly at school without necessary tools or clothing and suggestions to parents are unsuccessful.
- A child attends school poorly and parents are passive.
- A child isn’t registered for school or misses school a lot due to illegitimate reasons, for example, because of babysitting younger siblings or parents don’t wake up.
- Parents don’t respond to the school’s suggestions for special aid for the child.
- A parent responds late or not at all, for example when an infant cries or a child needs support due to external trauma.
- A parent doesn’t stimulate the mental development of a child, for example by pretending to neither hearing nor seeing the child.
- The independence of a child is barely stimulated and the child therefore so overprotected that it affects its development.
- A parent doesn’t set normal boundaries for a child and doesn’t discipline it.