Abuse is manifested in different ways. It can be physical, mental or sexual. Spanking children is considered violence in Iceland and is prohibited. It is also child abuse when the life and health of an unborn child is put at risk.
The consequences of abuse can be serious and last far into adulthood. Consequences can be low self-esteem, anxiety, depression, increased risk of long term diseases, suicidal thought and alcohol- and drug abuse.
Even though domestic violence is not aimed at the child itself, it has a serious effect on the health and development of the child. Children can also abuse other children.
Child protection services in each municipality help children who exist in unacceptable living conditions and provide support for families.
Ending a marriage because of abuse
If you are a citizen of a country of Africa, North or South America, Asia, Australia and Oceania or a European country outside of EEA/EFTA and end your marriage or cohabitation due to you or your child having suffered abuse or violence from your partner, the Act on Foreigners allows for an exception to extend a family reunification permit.
In order for you to demonstrate that the violence took place, it is very important to contact the police, the emergency ward or a doctor, since all incidents are registered. It is also possible to call in witnesses and important to retain all evidence relevant to the case, for example emails or text messages containing threats.